Paramedical courses are usually related to the allied healthcare sector. These courses are just as useful and job oriented as the courses directly related to the field of healthcare (nursing, medicine and pharmacy).

Paramedical courses trains students and turn them into skilled and qualified allied healthcare workers and technicians. Along with Doctors and Nurses, allied healthcare workers also play an integral role in the smooth functioning of the healthcare industry in India.

The demand for allied healthcare workers is on the rise in India. They are also in huge demand abroad, where their pay package is much better than what it is in India.

Depending upon the type of the course, both 10th and 12th passed students are eligible to pursue paramedical courses in India. Let us check out the main types of paramedical courses available in India –

The 3 main types of paramedical courses available in India are –

  • Bachelor’s Degree courses
  • Diploma courses
  • Certificate courses


  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy
  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
  • B.Sc. in OTT (Operation Theatre Technology)
  • B.Sc. in Dialysis Technology
  • B.Sc. in MLT (Medical Lab Technology)
  • B.Sc. in X-Ray Technology
  • B.Sc. in Radiography
  • B.Sc. in Medical Imaging Technology
  • B.Sc. in Medical Record Technology
  • B.Sc. in Ophthalmic Technology
  • B.Sc. in Audiology and Speech Therapy
  • B.Sc. in Optometry
  • B.Sc. in Anaesthesia Technology

The above mentioned Bachelor’s Degree courses are usually 3 years long. Some academic programs are 4 years long (theory + practical training).

Usually students who have passed 10+2 Science stream with Biology subject are eligible to pursue the above mentioned courses. Exceptions do exist though!


  • Diploma in Physiotherapy
  • Diploma in Occupational Therapy
  • DOTT (Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology)
  • Diploma in Dialysis Technology
  • DMLT (Diploma in Medical Lab Technology)
  • Diploma in X-Ray Technology
  • Diploma in Radiography
  • Diploma in Medical Imaging Technology
  • Diploma in Medical Record Technology
  • Diploma in Nursing Care Assistant
  • ANM
  • GNM
  • Diploma in Ophthalmic Technology
  • DHLS (Diploma in Hearing Language and Speech)
  • Diploma in Anaesthesia Technology
  • Diploma in Dental Hygienist
  • Diploma in Rural Health Care
  • Diploma in Community Health Care

Diploma courses could last anywhere between 1-3 years. Diploma courses can usually be pursued by students who have passed 12th and 10th (depends upon the institute and the nature of the academic program).


  • Certificate in X-Ray Technician
  • Certificate in Lab Assistant/Technician
  • Certificate in Dental Assistant
  • Certificate in Operation Theatre Assistant
  • Certificate in Nursing Care Assistant
  • Certificate in ECG and CT Scan Technician
  • Certificate in Dialysis Technician
  • Certificate in Home Based Health Care
  • Certificate in Rural Health Care
  • Certificate in HIV and Family Education
  • Certificate in Nutrition and Childcare

Certificate paramedical courses could last anywhere between 6 months to 2 years. 10th pass is usually the minimum qualification required to pursue such courses (depends upon the institute and the nature of the academic program).

Future scope:
After completing the basic course in any of the paramedical streams, the candidate can take up a job in a hospital, nursing home, clinic, health departments etc. With the opening of corporate hospitals like Apollo Hospital, Escorts Hospital etc, the scope for these professionals has increased tremendously. The candidates can also choose for teaching as a profession. Besides, they can open their own laboratories/clinics. The career prospects for different paramedical streams are described below.

Like all other medical and paramedical professionals, Physiotherapist can work in hospitals, orthopedic departments, schools for mentally retarded and physically disabled children, health institutions and defense medical establishments. In a senior position like senior physiotherapist, supervisor of physical therapy, superintendent of physiotherapy in government hospital and as demonstrators, lecturers, assistant professors, and associate professors in medical colleges.

Pharmacy professional has good prospects as a medical representative. A pharmacist can also find employment as hospital pharmacist. Candidates with D.Pharm are employed as pharmacist in government or private hospitals or they can start their own pharmacy. B.Pharm graduates can work as medical representative or medical detailing man, marketing manager or sales manager, drug inspectors, and as drug controllers. M.Pharm degree holders can opt for teaching as well as research jobs.

Nursing has wide employment prospects in hospitals, clinics and health department, military, schools, in training institutes as teachers and in research.
Occupational therapists work with the patients on various disorders such as orthopedic and neurological conditions, among other conditions. In schools they evaluate children's ability and provide therapy. They also supervise adult day care, residential care and mental health care program.

Speech Therapists & Audiologists can work in hospitals, schools, community health and welfare centers, private practice and even in industry ( to monitor the effect of noise pollution). Postgraduate qualifications can go for a teaching job or research positions.
Laboratory technician may find job in a hospital, minor emergency centers, private laboratory, blood donor center, doctor's clinics etc. A technologist can advance to supervisory or management position in pathology labs and hospitals. They can also work as laboratory manager, consultant, or supervisor in health care administration.

Employment opportunities for Radiographers are good, both within the country as well as abroad. Increase in health services' demand more radiographers in nursing homes, hospitals, diagnostic centers as well as superspeciality hospitals.
Dental hygienist and mechanic can get jobs in dental department of hospitals (government/private), institutions doing dental research. Opportunities in Rehabilitation are both in India and abroad. Rehabilitation workers can get job in private hospitals, nursing homes and diagnostic centers.

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