Information Technology (IT)
IT stands for Information Technology. It is the study or use of systems to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data.
We use devices such as computers and mobile phones to store, transmit, retrieve and manipulate information. IT Engineering is a branch of engineering that focuses on management of data and the devices used in this process.
IT technology is being used in many areas of our lives! Directly or indirectly, IT supports various other sectors such as- business, education, healthcare, transportation, governance, commerce etc.
Some important topics/subjects covered in this program are- networking, hardware, software, database management and data processing. This field has rapidly evolved over the past few years. It is growing at such a good rate that new technology is being introduced at frequent intervals and technology in use gets outdated quickly.
These days, many organizations and institutes are heavily dependent on IT. They have IT system that makes work much more efficient for them. IT professionals are required by such organizations for development, maintenance and replacement of such IT system. Many organizations and businesses also have dedicated IT staff to care of such tasks.
Diploma in IT engineering is a 3 years long program. It follows the semester system of learning. Each academic year is divided into two semesters, with each semester lasting for a period of 6 months.
Few institutes are also offering integrated program- Diploma + B.Tech. Degree in IT.
Diploma in IT engineering course trains students in areas such as-
- IT systems,
- database management,
- internet technology,
- data storage,
- data security,
- data mining,
- Software and hardware.
Students who have passed 10th standard are eligible to pursue this course. This course can also be pursued after 10+2 schooling too.
IT sector is closely related to other sectors such as software, hardware, networking, computing etc. Due to this reason diverse job opportunities are available in front of IT professionals! Countries like the USA, the UK and European Nations are outsourcing IT work to India. This means that there is decent job availability for IT professionals in India.
Some of the notable job profiles related to IT field are-
- IT Engineer
- IT Consultant
- Database Administrator
- IT Systems Manager
- Systems Developer
- Systems Analyst
- Web Designer/Developer
- Data Security Expert
- Network Engineer
IT service providers and IT consultancies are the prime recruiters. Firms like TCS, Wipro, Tech Mahindra, L&T InfoTech and Infosys are some of the well known private sector players.
Telecommunications sector is another key area of employment. Government and private sector telecommunication companies such as BSNL, Vodafone, TATA, Reliance and IDEA have IT department.
Since most businesses and organizations today rely on IT, most of them have IT departments and staff. IT Diploma Certificate holders may join such organizations and businesses (healthcare, manufacturing, education, financial services/institutions etc). Self employment is another good opportunity available in front of IT professionals.
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