Geology is the scientific study of the Earth in which we studied about Earth’s materials, what it is made of & processes that affect them over time.
A “Geologist” is a specialized type of Scientist who understands the history of the earth that includes solid and liquid matter that constitutes the Earth.
Geologist is also known as a Geophysicist, Geohydrologist, Engineering Geologist and Earth Scientist.
Geologist studies, earth processes such as earthquakes, landslides, floods, and volcanic eruptions.
Geologists are also involved in exploration for mining industries in search of metals, oils, and other Earth resources.
Geologists usually engage in studying geology.
In India, various universities & Institution offers undergraduate, postgraduate & a doctorate degree in Geology. You can pursue the given courses to make your career as a Geologist.
- Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Geology, Earth science, Environmental science
- Bachelor of Science (Hons.) in Geology
- Bachelor of Arts (B.A) in Geology, Earth science, Environmental science
The duration of these courses is three to four years.
- Master of Science (M.Sc) in Geology, Applied Geology
- Master of Science (Hons.) in Geology
- Master of Technology in Geology, Applied Geology
It is two year duration courses.
- Ph.D in Geology
The basic criterion for applying to a Bachelor’s degree in Geology is qualifying Class XII examination or equivalent with Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry. The duration for bachelors is three years and four if you apply for Honors.
The basic criterion for applying to a Master’s degree in Geology is passing the graduation degree with the required subject with a minimum of 50 per cent marks. The duration for masters is two years.
In order to apply for a PhD in Geology the candidate must score a minimum of 55 per cent marks in their Master's degree.
The job opportunities for geologists are increasing day by day. After getting the degree from reputed institutes or universities, you can work both in domestic as well as international arena.
For a geologist to work in a country like ours, we have the option of working for the organizations like Central Ground Water Board and the Geological Survey of India, Coal India, Oil & Natural Gas Corporation, Mineral Exploration Authority, Hindustan Zinc etc. Among others these are few which offer job opportunities for Geologist with good packages. Defense and other Para- military forces are recruiting Geologist for various purposes. Moreover, the scope of this field is widening because of the growing environmental concerns triggered by pollution and other related issues.
Unlike many other career moves, Geology is one such career which opens the door to a plethora of other opportunities. Students who study Geology can later on move on to the likes of courses such as Paleontology, Geophysics, Mining, Environmental Education, Petrology, etc and can with the course of time think of becoming Geographers, Oceanographers, Geologists, Meteorologists, Seismologist, Completions Technologist, Processing Geophysicist, Researchersand many other such options.
To join into an entry level job in geology, students need to have a graduate level degree in geophysics or geology. For much better jobs they need to have a postgraduate level degree. Many job opportunities are available for students of geology in various sectors. Professionals of this field can work as:
Those candidates who have completed their education in this field can take up a career in fields such as:
- Environmental Education
- Field Study
Since geologists hold a very significant role in the exploration of valuable mineral resources, they can get very good jobs with firms of the government or private sectors. Jobs in Geology can involve studying and predicting man-made as well as natural disasters and the exploration of mineral resources.
Other than the fields that are given above, students can also pursue research in institutions such as:
- Cairn India Limited
- Central Ground Water Board (CGWB)
- Coal India Limited
- Essar Oil Limited
Firm that recruits students of geology
- Geological Survey of India (GSI)
- Institute of Himalayan Geology
- National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI)
- National Institute of Oceanography (NIO)
- Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
- Oil India Limited (OIL)
- Physical Research Laboratory (PRL)
- Reliance Industries Limited (RIL)
Students of geology can also appear for the UPSC or SSC entrance exams and get jobs with the state or central governments.
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